Daily Current Affairs (MCQ) From The Hindu | Date 28.04.21

Daily Current Affairs (MCQ) From The Hindu | Date 28.04.21

Daily Current Affairs (MCQ) From The Hindu | Date 28.04.21

Question 1 . Consider the following statements -

1) The central Government in consultation with the state governments decides the selling price of sugar for mill owners on the recommendations of the Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices (CACP).
2) Fair and remunerative price (FRP) is the maximum price at which sugar is to be sold by sugar mills.
3) The State Advised Prices (SAP) are announced by key sugarcane producing states which are lower than FRP.

Correct option is

1) 1 and 2
2) 3 only
3) 2 and 3
4) None of the above

Answer : 4

Why this question ?

Farmer body Swabhimani Shetkari Sanghatana (SSS) has warned the Maharashtra government against supporting the Centre’s proposal to offer staggered fair and remunerative price (FRP) payments to farmers.
The “Fair and Remunerative price” of sugarcane is determined under Sugarcane (Control) Order, 1966.The Fair and Remunerative Pricing is used in sugarcane industry to replace the MSP. It is based on the Rangarajan Committee report of reorganizing the sugarcane industry.The FRP is the minimum price that sugar mills have to pay to sugarcane farmers. The FRP is fixed by Union government on the basis of recommendations of Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices (CACP).Price of sugarcane is fixed by the centre/State, while the price of sugar is market determined.The State Advised Prices (SAP) are announced by key sugarcane producing states which are higher than FRP.

Question 2. "Sero-survey" conducted by Indian Council of Medical Research to find out -

1) Special class of antigen in the body
2) Special kind of antibody in the body
3) Presence of Virus or bacteria in the body
4) Blood plasma capable to treat Covid 19

Answer : 2

Why this question ?

The pan-India serosurvey, conducted by the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), studied the presence of antibodies against SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes the coronavirus disease (COVID-19),and their neutralisation capability to infer possible risk factors for infection.SERO survey are conducted by drawing blood samples and checking for a specific class of antibodies called IgG.

Quesstion 3. With reference to Fly ash consider the following statements-

1) Fly ash is a fine powder, which is a residual product of cement Industry.
2) The wet disposal of Fly ash results in leaching of toxic heavy metals in ground water system.
3) Due to many benefits and utilities, fly ash is not considered as environmental hazards.

Correct option is

1) 1 and 2
2) 2 only
3) 1 and 3
4) All the above

Answer : 2

Why this question ?

Seeking to deal with environmentally hazardous fly ash generated from coal and lignite based thermal power plants (TPPs), the Centre has made it mandatory for such plants to ensure 100% utilisation of fly ash within three to five years.
Fly ash or flue ash, also known as pulverised fuel ash in the United Kingdom, or coal combustion residuals (CCRs), is a coal combustion product that is composed of the articulates (fine particles of burned fuel) that are driven out of coal-fired boilers together with the flue gases.Fly ash is a major source of PM 2.5 (fine, respirable pollution particles) in summer.Fly ash can be used as prime material in many cement-based products, such as poured concrete, concrete block, and brick. One of the most common uses of fly ash is in Portland cement concrete pavement or PCC pavement. Road construction projects using PCC can use a great deal of concrete, and substituting fly ash provides significant economic benefits.

Question 4. Which of the following Organisation has released The Global Forest Goals Report 2021 ?

1) UN department of economic and social welfare
2) Food and Agriculture Organization
3) United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
4) Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

Answer : 1

Why this question?

A new global report on forests says that while the COVID-19 pandemic is the latest threat to achieving ambitious forest protection goals, it has brought the importance of forests to global well-being into sharp focus, and that this recognition must now be met with collection action.
The inaugural Global Forest Goals Report was launched on Apr. 26, as part of the 16th United Nations Forum on Forests (UNFF) session by UN department of economic and social welfare.

Question 5. Consider the following statements -

1) Asian Development Bank is a regional development bank with only Asian members.
2) The votes in ADB are distributed in proportion with members’ capital subscriptions.
3) Recently ,it has forecasted 11% growth rate for India in the upcoming year due to the base effect of pandemic year.

Correct option is

1) 1 and 3
2) 2 only
3) 2 and 3
4) 3 only

Answer : 3

Why this question ?

The Indian economy is projected to grow at 11% in the current financial year amid the “strong” vaccine drive, said ADB on Wednesday, while cautioning that the recent surge in COVID cases may put the country’s economic recovery at “risk”.
The bank admits the members of the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP, formerly the Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East or ECAFE) and non-regional developed countries.
It has a weighted voting system where votes are distributed in proportion with members' capital subscriptions.

Question 6. Consider the following statements about Python 5 missile -

1) It is a surface to surface missile developed by DRDO in collaboration with Israel.
2) It is also a Beyond Visual Range Missile.

Correct option is

1) 1 correct
2) 2 correct
3) Both
4) None

Answer : 2

Why this question?

India's indigenous Light Combat Aircraft, Tejas, has added the 5th generation Python-5 Air-to-Air Missile (AAM) .Python-5 is a fifth generation air-to-air missile (AAM) manufactured by Rafael Advanced Defense Systems.

Question 7. Consider the following statements with reference to Stockholm International Peace Research Institute

1) SIPRI is wing of UNHRC, dedicated to research into conflict, armaments, arms control and disarmament.
2) According to SIPRI , China , India and Pakistan have been increasing its nuclear Arsenal in recent years.
3) According to the recent report of SIPRI , India is the third largest military spender in the world in 2020.

Correct option is

1) 1 and 2
2) 3 only
3) 2 and 3
4) None of the above

Answer : 3

Why this question?

In its report on trends in global military expenditure in 2020, the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) has found that the world’s top military spenders — the US, China and India — saw their military spending go up compared to 2019, even during a pandemic year.
The Sweden-based SIPRI is an independent international institute dedicated to research into conflict, armaments, arms control and disarmament. It was established on the basis of a decision by the Swedish Parliament and receives a substantial part of its funding in the form of an annual grant from the Swedish Government.
India remained the second highest importer, only behind Saudi Arabia. The top five global arms exporters were the US, Russia, France, Germany and China in 2016-2020.
In a previous reports ,it said that China , India and Pakistan have been increasing its nuclear Arsenal .

Question 8. Consider the following statements

1) India has been ranked 1st in the Chandler Good Government Index (CGGI).
2) The Index is released by the Chandler Institute of Governance which is an attached office of Ministry of Commerce and Industry of Singapore.

Correct option is

1) 1 correct
2) 2 correct
3) Both
4) None

Answer : 4

Why this question ?

India has been ranked 49th in the Chandler Good Government Index (CGGI), which classifies 104 countries in terms of government capabilities and outcomes.The Chandler Institute of Governance (CIG) is an international non-profit organisation, headquartered in Singapore.

Question 9. Consider the following statements about Ct Value in a RT-PCR test

1) In a RT-PCR test, the DNA extracted from the swab is converted into RNA.
2) The second stage of the test is the amplification of the genetic material.
3) The Ct value is the number of cycles after which the virus was detected.

Correct option is

1) 1 and 2
2) 3 only
3) 1 and 3
4) 2 and 3

Answer : 4

Why this question ?

Among various scientific terms that the Covid-19 pandemic has made part of the public vocabulary, one is the ‘Ct value’ in RT-PCR tests for determining whether a patient is positive for Covid-19.
In an RT-PCR test, RNA is extracted from the swab collected from the patient. It is then converted into DNA, which is then amplified. Amplification refers to the process of creating multiple copies of the genetic material — in this case, DNA. This improves the ability of the test to detect the presence of virus. Amplification takes place through a series of cycles — one copy becomes two, two becomes four, and so on — and it is after multiple cycles that a detectable amount of virus is produced.
The Ct value refers to the number of cycles after which the virus can be detected.

Question 10. Which of following species of Rhino is classified as Vulnerable by IUCN ?

1) Sumatran Rhino
2) Greater One-Horned Rhino
3) Black Rhino
4) All the above

Answer : 2

Why this question ?

A genome study involving the last remaining populations of the Sumatran rhinoceros - a solitary rainforest dweller - is providing what scientists called good news about the prospects of saving this critically endangered species from extinction.
Greater One horned rhino found in India is classified as Vulnerable by IUCN