Daily Current Affairs (MCQ) From The Hindu | Date 24.08.21

Daily Current Affairs (MCQ) From The Hindu | Date 24.08.21

Daily Current Affairs (MCQ) From The Hindu | Date 24.08.21

Q1. Consider the following statements about Corbett Tiger Reserve

1. It is situated in state of Uttarakhand
2. Geographically, Corbett Tiger Reserve is situated in the Shivalik hills of Himalayas

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer (c)

Explanation:

Plea against construction in Corbett Tiger Reserve
The Delhi High Court asked the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) to consider as a representation a petition to stop the alleged illegal construction of bridges and walls within the tiger breeding habitat of the Corbett Tiger Reserve.
 The Court asked the NTCA to decide the representation in accordance with the law, rules, regulations and government policy
 The High Court’s order came on a petition on the issue of alleged rampant illegal construction going on in the tiger breeding habitat of the Corbett Tiger Reserve in Uttarakhand.
 The plea said that the illegal construction of bridges and walls in the breeding habitat shall not only disturb the whole ecology of the Corbett Tiger Reserve, but it is also against the provisions of the Wildlife Protection Act and the Forest Conservation Act.
Geographically, Corbett Tiger Reserve is situated in the Shivalik hills of Himalayas while administratively it spreads over Pauri Garhwal, Nainital and Almora districts of Uttarakhand State in India. Ramnagar, in Nainital district is its administrative headquarter.
Corbett Tiger Reserve has captured the imagination of many with its diverse wildlife and breathtaking landscapes. The natural uniqueness of the area was recognized long ago as a result of which in 1936 Corbett attained the distinction of becoming the first National Park to be established in mainland Asia. The park was then named as the 'Hailey National Park' and was later renamed as 'Corbett National Park' after James Edward Corbett the noted hunter turned conservationist of the area. The area came under 'Project Tiger' in 1971 when Gov. of India launched this ambitious conservation project. Today after addition of areas into the originally declared National Park, the total area of Tiger Reserve extends 1288.31 sq. kms spreading over three districts of Uttarakhand viz., Pauri, Nainital and Almora. Corbett National Park covers an area of 521 sq. km and together with the neighboring Sonanadi Wildlife Sanctuary and Reserve Forest areas, forms the Corbett Tiger Reserve. Geographically it is located between the Shiwalik Himalayas and the terai. The streams, rivers and ridges crisscrossing the terrain, present Corbett with a remarkable variety of landscapes. This vivid mosaic of habitats wet and dry, plain and mountainous, gentle and rugged, forests and grasslands supports numerous plant and animal species, representing Himalayan as well as plains ecosystem. The most famous of Corbett's wild residents are the Royal Bengal Tiger and the Asiatic Elephant. In addition to that with over 550 species of avifauna Corbett is one of the richest bird regions of the Country and has been declared as an 'Important Bird Area' (IBA) by Birdlife International.

Q2. Consider the following statements about the Battle of Bhima Koregaon

1. Peshwas army defeated the British army in the battle
2. The British army comprised mainly of Dalit soldiers

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer (b)

Explanation:

What’s the issue?
 The Bhima Koregaon case dates back to January 1, 2018, which marked the 200th anniversary of the Bhima Koregaon battle.
 The event was organised to celebrate the victory of the British army, which included a large number of Mahars, against Peshwa Baji Rao II’s army.
 Several human rights activists, including Sudha Bharadwaj, Varavara Rao and Gautam Navlakha, were arrested during the course of the investigation.
About the Bhima- Koregaon battle:
 A battle was fought in Bhima Koregaon, a district in Pune with a strong historical Dalit connection, between the Peshwa forces and the British on January 1, 1818.
 The British army, which comprised mainly of Dalit soldiers, fought the upper caste-dominated Peshwa army. The British troops defeated the Peshwa army.

Q3. Which of the following is/are correctly matched?

Cyclone Sea
1 Tauktae  Arabian Sea
2 Yaas  Bay of Bengal
3 Amphan Arabian Sea

Select the correct answer from the codes given below

a. 1 and 2 only
b. 2 and 3 only
c. 2 only
d. 1, 2 and 3

Answer (a)

Explanation:

Extremely Severe Cyclonic Storm Tauktae was a powerful, deadly and damaging tropical cyclone in the Arabian Sea that became the strongest tropical cyclone to make landfall in the Indian state of Gujarat since the 1998 Gujarat cyclone and one of the strongest tropical cyclones to ever affect the west coast of India.
Very Severe Cyclonic Storm Yaas was a relatively strong and very damaging tropical cyclone that made landfall in Odisha and brought  significant impacts to West Bengal during late May 2021. The second cyclonic storm, second severe cyclonic storm, and second very severe cyclonic storm of the 2021 North Indian Ocean cyclone season, Yaas formed from a tropical disturbance that the Indian Meteorological Department first monitored on May 23.
Super Cyclonic Storm Amphan was a powerful and catastrophic tropical cyclone that caused widespread damage in Eastern India, specifically West Bengal, Odisha and in Bangladesh in May 2020. It was the strongest tropical cyclone to strike the Ganges Delta since Sidr of the 2007 season and the first super cyclonic storm to have formed in the Bay of Bengal since the 1999 Odisha cyclone. It was also the fourth super cyclone that hit West Bengal and Kolkata since 1582, after 1737, 1833 and 1942, as well as being one of the strongest storms to impact the area. Causing over US$13 billion of damage, Amphan is also the costliest cyclone ever recorded in the North Indian Ocean, surpassing the record held by Cyclone Nargis of 2008.

Q4. Consider the following statements

1. Odisha is the most cyclone affected state of India
2. Cyclones are more frequent on western coast of India

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer (a)

Explanation:

Tauktae, Yaas and planning for the next Cyclone
The severe cyclones, Tauktae and Yaas, battered India earlier this year. Thus, during the COVID-19 pandemic, these cyclones caused additional financial responsibility for State governments. The health costs need to be measured too.
More frequent Cyclones:
 Increasing sea surface temperatures in the northern Indian Ocean and the geo-climatic conditions in India have led to a rise in the frequency of devastating cyclones in the coastal States accounting  for 7% of the global tropical cyclones, according to India
Meteorological Department (IMD), 2013 data.
 Every year, around five to six tropical cyclones are formed in the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea; of these, two to three turn severe. The Indian coastline is around 7,500 km; there are 96 coastal districts (which touch the coast or are close to it), with 262 million people exposed to cyclones and tsunamis.
 The World Bank and the United Nations (2010) estimate that around 200 million city residents would be exposed to storms and earthquakes by 2050 in India.
 Between 1891 and 2020, out of the 313 cyclones crossing India’s eastern and western coasts, 130 were classified as severe cyclonic storms. The west coast experienced 31 cyclones, while 282 cyclones crossed the east coast. The Odisha coast witnessed 97 cyclones, followed by Andhra Pradesh (79), Tamil Nadu (58), West Bengal (48), Gujarat (22), Maharashtra/Goa (7), and Kerala (2).
The economic costs of Disasters
1. Among the natural disasters, cyclones constituted the second most frequent phenomena that occurred in 15% of India’s total natural disasters over 1999-2020. During the same period, 12,388 people were killed, and the damage was estimated at $32,615 million.
2. Cyclones are the second most expensive in terms of the costs incurred in damage, accounting for 29% of the total disaster-related damages after floods (62%).
3. In addition, they are the third most lethal disaster in India after earthquakes (42%) and floods (33%).
4. However, fatalities due to cyclones declined from 10,378 in 1999 to 110 in 2020; the significant drop was on account of improved early warning systems, cyclone forecastings, and better disaster management activities such as timely evacuation, rehabilitation and relief distributions.
5. But these measures are not adequate to achieve a zero-fatality approach and minimise economic losses from cyclones.
6. Between 1999 and 2020, cyclones inflicted substantial damage to public and private properties, amounting to an increase in losses from $2,990 million to $14,920 million in the absence of long-term mitigation measures.
7. In addition, damages caused due to cyclones increased nine times during the same period.

Q5. Consider the following statements

1. The urban cooperative banks (UCBs) are regulated by RBI only
2. The Co-operative banks are also governed by the Banking Regulations Act, 1949

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer (b)

Explanation:

RBI panel moots four tiers for UCBs
A Reserve Bank-appointed committee has suggested a four-tier structure for the urban cooperative banks (UCBs).
 The committee said UCBs could be split into 4 categories — tier-1 with deposits up to ₹100 crores; tier-2 with deposits between ₹100- ₹1,000 crores, tier-3 with deposits between ₹1,000 crore-₹10,000 and tier-4 with deposits of over ₹10,000 crores.
 It suggested the minimum capital to risk-weighted assets ratio could vary from 9% to 15% and for tier-4 UCBs, the Basel III norms. It also prescribed separate ceilings for home, gold and unsecured loans for the different categories.
A Co-operative bank
1. A Co-operative bank is a financial entity which belongs to its members, who are at the same time the owners and the customers of their bank.
2. They are registered under the States Cooperative Societies Act.
3. They are also regulated by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) and governed by the Banking Regulations Act 1949 and Banking Laws (Co-operative Societies) Act, 1955.
What is the present decision?
The urban cooperatives and multi-State cooperative banks have been brought under RBI supervision process, which is applicable to scheduled banks. Currently, these banks come under dual regulation of the RBI and the Registrar of Co-operative Societies.They are registered under the Co-operative Societies Act of the State concerned or under the Multi-State Co-operative Societies Act, 2002.
The Co-operative banks are also governed by the
1. Banking Regulations Act, 1949.
2. Banking Laws (Co-operative Societies) Act, 1955.